M. Markley Antiques

French Walnut Antique Chest 3213 with Renaissance Style Carvings

 

renaissance revival chest
Price $3,662
Item 3213 - Width 37½, Height 28½, Depth 22 (in inches)
Wood - Walnut
Date - Circa 1890
Country of Origin - France
Additional photos below text

This chest, intricately carved from solid walnut, evokes the height of the period known as the First Renaissance (1490-1530) in France, and identified in particular with the reign François I (1515-1547) and artists such as Rosso Fiorentino who were engaged by him to decorate additions to Fontainebleau Castle. Stylistically, this era is characterized by the use of medallions of heads in profile sculpted within highly decorated wood panels comprising chests, armoires and dressoirs. It has been speculated that this emphasis on personages, including clothing and headgear, paid tribute to the financial success enjoyed increasingly during this era, symbolizing the importance of genealogy and a family's entree into the bourgeoisie.

This chest is particularly unusual since, unlike its 16th century forebears, not only the front but also the top are intricately sculpted with panels including heads in profile. Each rendering is unique, a man and a woman, gazing at each other across a central panel. Although we have not traced the images to any 16th century furniture, the characteristics are consistent with the styles of that epoch. Overall, the style of carving of the six highly decorative panels (three on top, three on the front) also reflects the First Renaissance in its low relief and emphasis on vases, leaves, swirling stems and flowers, inspired by contemporary books of engravings of Rosso Fiorentino's designs and by Raphael's masterpieces such as the interiors at Villa Farnesina in Rome. Dividing and framing the decorative panels are elongated feathers signaling the dawn of an era characterized by fascination with feather headdresses from the New World. Harking back to its medieval roots, however, this chest stands on sturdy bun feet.

References

Ader-Tajan, Collection Bruno Perrier Haute Epoque (Catalog for Sale at Auction on April 6, 1992 at the Hôtel Drouot, Paris); Boccador, Jacqueline, Le Mobilier Français du Moyen Age à la Renaissance, Editions d'Art Monelle Hayot (Saint-Just-en-Chaussée, 1988); Carroll, Eugene A., Rosso Fiorentino, Drawings, Prints, and Decorative Arts, (National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1987); Crépin-Leblond, Thierry, Le Roi et L'Artiste (Réunion des Musées Nationaux, Paris, 2013); Rouyer, Eugène (Ed.), French Architectural Ornament from Versailles, Fontainebleau and Other Palaces (Dover Publications, New York, 2007); Salmon, Xavier, Fontainebleau -- Le Temps des Italiens (Editions Snoek, Gand-Courtrai, 2013); Ward-Jackson, Peter, Some Main Streams and Tributaries in European Ornament from 1500 to 1750 (Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 1969); Zamperini, Alessandra, Ornament and the Grotesque (Thames & Hudson, London, 2008).

Uses

This chest is ideal in the usual role of blanket chest at the end of a bed but due to its height would also work well behind a couch or as an occasional piece in virtually any room of a home or office.

3213-front left panel
3213-front right panel
3213-front center panel
3213-left panel medallion
3213-front right medallion
3213-front central panel detail
3213-chest top
3213-top left panel
3213-top right panel
3213-top central panel
3213-top left panel medallion
3213-top right panel medallion
3213-top center panel detail
3213-side
3213-border
3213-corner
3213-interior