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Renaissance Style French Antique Enfilade Cabinet

Item 9440 by M. Markley Antiques

 

Item 9440 - antique buffet sideboard

(scroll down for additional photos -- variations in color is due to difficulties of lighting such a large piece for photographs)

Item 9440 Renaissance Buffet Cabinet (Enfilade) or Sideboard with Lions’ Heads
Dimensions Width 90, Height 40, Depth 25 (in inches)
Wood Solid walnut
Country France
Date Circa 1890
Description

This massive, four-door buffet cabinet or enfilade, is hand-carved of solid French walnut. A classic buffet buffet or sideboard, it encompasses characteristic design elements such as the lions heads associated with the Henri II style, a 19th century revival of the Renaissance stylistic elements of 16th century France. The elaborate carving of the lions’ heads, encased in rectangular panels or cartouches carved to look like shields, bears witness to the influence of Jacques Androuet du Cerceau whose designs incorporated such figures as well as extensive use of armorial and architectural motifs. Above each door is a drawer exhibiting trompe-l’œil drapery held aloft by a central badge which doubles as the drawer pull. The drapery is also a unifying element, seen in each of the door panels where it appears to be threaded through the lion’s mouth. Fondness for such a motif can be traced directly to  engravings and prints from earlier centuries, particularly the ones memorializing designs of Rosso Fiorentino from the Galerie François I at the Château at Fontainebleau.  For example, in the stuccoes surrounding the "Filial Piety" fresco, the lion with the swag of drapery in its mouth takes pride of place.

Rich decoration and complexity of style coupled with the warm, blonde tones of the walnut, make this massive piece an exquisite example of French craftsmanship. While it appears that this cabinet had a separable upper section at the time it was made in the 19th century, it works well without it in a 21st century setting. The top of the cabinet has fifteen tiny plugs, each about the size of a penny, where walnut of the same grain and color has been used to fill the spots where the upper cabinet would have joined this piece.  Five of the plugs are across the back and the remainder are near the sides so that the middle section is clear.  Whoever executed this modification did so artfully and fully in keeping with the overall look of the piece so that it could stand alone as a triumph of Renaissance design.

 

Reference

Carroll, Eugene A., Rosso Fiorentino, Drawings, Prints, and Decorative Arts, (National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1987); *Crépin-Leblond, Thierry (Ed.), Le Roi et L'Artiste (Réunion des Musée Nationaux, Paris, 2013); Rouyer, Eugène (Ed.), French Architectural Ornament from Versailles, Fontainebleau and Other Palaces (Dover Publications, New York, 2007); Salmon, Xavier, Fontainebleau - Le Temps des Italiens, (Editions Snoeck, Gand-Courtrai, 2013); Ward-Jackson, Peter, Some Main Streams and Tributaries in European Ornament from 1500 to 1750 (Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 1969).

 

Uses

Ideal as a sideboard for the dining room or kitchen, the buffet could also serve as a credenza in an office or library.

 

9440-drape

 

9440-lion panel

 

9440-lion panel

 

9440-lion door

9440-side

 

9440--top-left

 

9440-top-right

 

9440-lion door

 

9440-lion door

 

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